Doreen Norton - How one nurse helped to stop killer bedsores
Doreen Norton, OBE, FRCN (born 1 May 1922, Dartford, Kent, England – died 30 December 2007, Worthing, West Sussex, England) was an English nurse. In the 1950s she used research to show that the best treatment and prevention of bedsores was removing the pressure by turning the patient.
A fellow of the Royal College of Nursing, Norton was regarded as instrumental in changing nursing practices to effectively treat pressure ulcers, a major killer of hospital inpatients.
Before Doreen Norton carried out her research, nurses had over a hundred remedies on offer - but none worked. Martin Johnson, professor of nursing at the University of Salford, said the work of nurses like Doreen had changed the face of patient care.
Professor Johnson said that, before Ms Norton's paper, bedsores or pressure ulcers were a major killer of hospital patients and nothing seemed to help. "If one had a bedsore on the sacrum (at the base of the spine) or the heel, there were about 150 different prescriptions that ward sisters would issue to remedy this. None of these were very successful. She was able to show that really the only successful way of treating pressure sores was to remove the pressure - really obvious! This had an immediate implication that the nurses had to turn the patients at least every two hours. And this was a study that that was based on science rather than just what people thought."
Kate Gerrish, professor of nursing at Sheffield City Hospitals and Sheffield Hallam University, said that the bedsore study had been seminal, reversing the practices of years for nurses like herself.
"Looking back, what we did was horrifying. I was taught to do certain things for bedsores that have subsequently been shown to be harmful to patients. When we were trying to prevent pressure sores we would put all sorts of things on their skin - including menthylated spirits and soap, and we would massage the areas. All that has been proved to be detrimental to patients."
As well as altering the approach to bed sores, Ms Norton, who died in 2007, also helped design the King's Fund bed, an adjustable bed used in many hospital wards.
She said she had "always had a feeling for mechanical things", and her first job had been in engineering in her father's refrigeration engineering firm.
Dr Peter Carter, chief executive and general secretary, of the RCN agreed: "Nurses spend more time with patients than any other health professionals and so really understand patient needs.
"Due to this, over the last 50 years, nursing research has been instrumental in bringing about significant healthcare advancements."
By Jane Elliott
Health reporter, BBC News
From the BBC website March 2009